Memory categories and measures



Skill learning: performance changes owing to practice; pursuit rotor learning, reverse-mirror tracking.


Perceptual representation system: representation involved in identity of objects; Benton copy task.


Semantic memory: meaning-based information; Category fluency task, Pyramids and palm tree test, Famous faces test


Short-term memory: digit span forward for verbal information, Corsi blocks forward for visual patterns.


Working memory: memory used in the active manipulation of information; serial subtraction, digit span backward, Corsi blocks backward


Episodic (long-term) memory: logical memory paragraph recall, California verbal Learning test, Benton delayed recall.


Word fluency: Produce words beginning with the letter S and P. Sixty seconds are allowed for each letter. The total number of words provided is reported. (Normal value around 26)