AD Alzheimer disease
ADCA Autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia
ADEM  Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis
ADNFLE Autosomal dominant nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsy
AFD Anderson-Fabry disease
AHT Arterial hypertension
ALD Adrenoleucodystrophy
ALS Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
ANA Antinuclear antibodies
ANCA Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies
APBD Adult polyglucosan body disease
APLS Antiphospholipid syndrome
BAEP Brainstem auditory evoked potential
BICHT Benign intracranial hypertension
CAA Cerebral amyloid angiopathy
CADASIL cerebral autosomal dominant arteropathy with  subcortical infarcts and leucoencephalopathy
CBC Cell blood count
CBGD Corticobasal ganglionic degeneration
CCM Central core myopathy
CJD Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease
CMAP Compound muscle action potential
CMV Cytomegalovirus
CNS Central nervous system
CPT Carnitine palmitoyltransferase deficiency
CRV Cerebroretinal vasculopathy
CSF Cerebrospinal fluid
CT Computerized tomography
CTTH Chronic tension-type headache
DBP Diastolic blood pressure
DED3 Debrancher enzyme deficiency type III
DMD Distal muscular dystrophy
DMRV Distal myopathy with rimmed vacuoles
DRD Dopa-responsive dystonia
DRPLA Dentatorubropallidoluysian atrophy
EBV Epstein Barr virus
ECG Electrocardiogram
EEE Eastern equine encephalitis
EEG Electroencephalogram
EM Electron microscopy
EMG Electromyography
EOARR Early onset ataxia with retained reflexes
ERG retinogram
ET Essential tremor
ETTH Episodic tension-type headache
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FA Friedreich ataxia
FARR Friedreich ataxia with retained reflexes
FAVED Familial ataxia with vitamin E deficiency
Fluid-attenuated inversion recovery
FSHMD Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy
FTDP Frontotemporal dementia with parkinsonism
FTLD Frontotemporal lobe dementia 
ESR Erythrocyte sedimentation rate
GACRH Gyrate atrophy of the choroid and retina with hyperornithinemia
GBS Guillain-Barré syndrome
GM1 ggld GM1 gangliosidosis
GSS Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker disease
Huntington disease
HIV Human immunodeficiency virus
HPHA Hemiparkinsonism-hemiatrophy
HSD Hallervorden-Spatz disease
HSMN Hereditary sensorimotor neuropathy
HSP Hereditary spastic paraplegia
HVA Homovanillic acid
IBM Inclusion body myositis
ILOCA Idiopathic late onset cerebellar ataxia
IPD Idiopathic Parkinson disease
Kearns Sayre syndrome
KLD Krabbe leucodystrophy
LBD Lewy body disease
LFT Liver function tests
LGMD Limb girdle muscular dystrophy
LHON Leber hereditary optic neuropathy
LP Lumbar puncture                              
MDS Myoclonus dystonia syndrome
MELAS Mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes
MERRF Myoclonic epilepsy with ragged red fibers
MIS Multi-infarct syndrome
Metachromatic leucodystrophy
MND Motor neuron disease
MNGIE Mitochondrial myopathy with neuropathy, gastrointestinal symptoms and encephalopathy
MPD5 Myophosphorylase deficiency type V
MPTP N-methyl-4-phenyl-tetrahydropyridine
MRI Magnetic resonance imaging
MRS Magnetic resonance spectroscopy
MS Multiple sclerosis
MSA Multiple system atrophy
NARP Neurogenic muscle weakness, ataxia and retinitis pigmentosa
NCL Neuroceroid lipofuscinosis
NCV Nerve conduction velocity
NPC Niemann Pick type C disease
NPH Normal pressure hydrocephalus
nvCJD New variant Creutzfeld Jacob disease
OA Optic atrophy
OCB Oligoclonal bands
ON Optic neuropathy
OPMD Oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy
OTCD Ornithine transcarbamase deficiency
PACNS Primary angiitis of the central nervous system
Progressive autonomic failure
PBKD Phosphorylase b kinase deficiency
PAN Periarteritis nodosa
PCR Polymerase chain reaction
PD Parkinson Disease
PET Positron emission tomography
PFKD Phosphofructokinase deficiency
PME Progressive myoclonic epilepsy
PMFLE Progressive multifocal leucoencephalopathy
PNP Polyneuropathy
PrPSC Prion protein
PSP Progressive supranuclear palsy
PTD Primary torsion dystonia
RBC Red blood cell
RCDS Respiratory chain defects
RDP Rapid-onset dystonia-parkinsonism
Rheumatoid factor
RPR Rapid plasma reagin
SAH Subarachnoidal hemorrhage
SBP Systolic blood pressure
SCA Spinocerebellar atrophy
ScPMD Scapuloperoneal muscular dystrophy
SMA-III spinal muscular atrophy type III
SMA-IV spinal muscular atrophy type IV
SNAP Sensory nerve action potential
SNE Subacute necrotizing encephalopathy
Systemic lupus erythematosus
SSEP Somatosensory evoked potential
SSPE Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis
SUNCT Short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform pain with conjunctival injection and tearing
TAM Tubular aggregates myopathy
UMN Upper motor neuron
VDRL Venereal disease research laboratory
VEP Visual evoked potential
VLCFA Very long chain fatty acids
VZV Varicella zoster virus
WD Wilson disease
WMHI White matter hyperintensity
X-ALD X-linked adrenoleucodystrophy

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